frequent problem of thrombosis acquired social significance, and many doctors suggest the need for promotion of information on the prevention of blood clots in the population.Stroke, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, thrombosis of peripheral arteries and veins - all these pathological conditions and diseases can greatly harm the health and shorten a person's life.Thrombosis can cause the formation of a number of situations: a birth, any injury, even brilliantly performed surgery, banal SARS and others. Such complications are not only able to transform a disabled person, but also to take his life.That is why it is important to pay attention to the prevention of thrombosis. Content
thrombosisreferred to in vivo formation of a dense blood clot in the heart cavity or lumen of blood vessels.It can develop in the arter
thrombosis most commonly affects the vessels of the heart and veins of the lower extremities.
Initially, the vessel wall appears the primary blood clot that starts to grow, increasing in size, and at a certain point completely occludes the artery, vein or capillary.This state has called secondary thrombosis, and it becomes dangerous and serious illness.Blood clots under the influence of different causes may break away from the blood vessel wall and enter the bloodstream various vital organs (especially the lungs), causing them to embolism.
External causes blood clots often associated with injuries that lead to the violation of the integrity of the blood vessels.It is from this site and start the formation of a blood clot.Such a development can take place against the background of the normal blood clotting and susceptibility to increased levels of clotting.
Internal causes of thrombosis are to change blood proteins involved in the clotting of her.This state of the blood called thrombophilia.When it can be varied as the quantity of these proteins and their structure.These diseases can be acquired or congenital, and they are easily detected in laboratory tests.Another
least part of the inner cause of thrombosis can be a vascular pathology.Varicose veins or arteries atherosclerosis leads to disruption of the structure of blood vessels and vascular walls of most likely to settle blood clots.
Understanding the causes of blood clots can greatly help a person who has no medical training, to prevent the development of thrombosis.
thrombosis prophylaxis should always be carried out in several ways and comprehensively.First, you must determine the possibility of family history and the presence of thrombosis of any location on the maternal or paternal conduct molecular genetic and biochemical blood analysis for the detection of thrombophilia.Particularly relevant are measures for people who have at least one factor suggesting the development of thrombosis.
Survey shows to thrombophilia and a history of the patient and recurrent unprovoked thrombosis, which appeared on the background of minor predisposing factors, such as minor trauma, oral contraceptives, pregnancy, travel, etc.).This group may include people younger than 50 years.
After identifying the propensity to thrombosis should start their active and comprehensive prevention.In most cases, it shows the men after 40 years, and women - after 50.
Here are the basic steps that should be carried out in order to avoid problems with blood clots:
about the horrors of sedentary life Malyshev says Elena and her colleagues:
Preventionthrombosis in surgical interventions can be identified as a separate category.It should be conducted in all patients who have shown surgical treatment, regardless of the probability of developing thrombosis.To implement it, use physical and common ways of preventing:
For patients who need surgical treatment and who have identified serious risk factors for thrombosis, is a drug protection before and after anticoagulant drugs of the new generation.
diet of individuals who have revealed the risk of blood clots, should include a variety of foods: cereals, fresh fruit, berries and vegetables, lean meats, dairy products and vegetable oils.The daily menu should include vegetable insoluble and soluble fibers that promote the proper functioning of the intestine and lower cholesterol.
important acquires consumption of foods high in omega-3.To do this, you can include in the diet of fish (salmon, mullet, sardines, tuna, mackerel) and fish oil.Such changes in the diet can help reduce the level of triglycerides and blood viscosity.
dishes recommended to fill vegetable oils with garlic or ginger.This will contribute to the normalization of blood thinners and blood circulation.
helps reduce the risk of thrombosis, and foods rich in flavonoids, which is the leader among the red grapes.They may include: dry red wine (100 ml per day), natural grape juice and fresh red grapes.
menu should include more foods rich in vitamin E: wheat germ, flax seed and olive oil, flaxseed and sunflower meal and avocado.This vitamin acts as an antioxidant and has a number of positive effects: it strengthens blood vessels, has anti-sclerotic effect, prevents the development of coronary heart disease and strengthens the immune system.
Exclude from the diet recommended the following products:
should avoid eating:
range of foods shown to produce a diet for the prevention of thrombosis, is extremely wide.Of these, you can easily make up a varied menu every day and not feel deprived of anything!
thrombosis affects about 70% of the world population.That is why knowledge of the causes of its development and implementation of preventive measures to prevent it so important for each of us.Compliance with those available recommendations that were presented in this paper, can significantly reduce the risk of thrombosis and improve the quality of human life.