At present, there is hardly a man at least once in my life experienced all the "charms" of allergies.It does not matter what it was called - food, household chemicals, household dust or animal dander.Suffer allergic reactions, both adults and children.
Allergic conjunctivitis - option displays increased reaction of the body to a substance in which there is inflammation of the conjunctiva, in response to the penetration into the body of the allergen.The disease brings baby visible discomfort, it is quite painful, which is why it is important to timely detect allergic conjunctivitis in a child, right to determine the symptoms and prescribe treatment. Content
disease may be seasonal or permanent, and proceed differently.Depending on this, there are three variants of the di
Allergists found that in children the disease is mainly due to a genetic predisposition, while the older children it is called often the previous sensitization (hypersensitivity) of the organism to certain substances, which turned outabsolutely harmless to severe allergy to it.
forms of allergic conjunctivitis can be different depending on the causes of the disease:
reason for any kind of allergic conjunctivitis - contact with an allergen.In the role of allergen may make a variety of substances.
year-round conjunctivitis can be caused by factors such as:
dry air in the room, irregular cleaning and poor ventilation of the room contribute to aggravation of the child with perennial allergic conjunctivitis.
Infectious and allergic conjunctivitis caused by microbial allergens - bacterial, viral and toxins secreted by various types of fungi.
Seasonal (intermittent) allergic conjunctivitis appears only at certain times of the year and is caused by several factors:
contact type of allergic conjunctivitis manifested in direct contact with the allergen:
to this type can be attributed giperpapillyarny conjunctivitis , whicheye irritation occurs when a foreign body (joints, contact lenses, ocular prostheses).
Occasionally the disease may be caused by volatile, strongly smelling compounds (such as paints and varnishes) and tobacco smoke, or have a reaction to foods (chocolate, milk, citrus fruits, nuts and honey), and pet food.
severity of symptoms and the speed of their display depend on how much allergen got into the body and how strong defensive reaction.Therefore distinguish immediate allergic reaction (signs occur within an hour) and delayed type (symptoms appear after 1-2 days).
main symptoms that appear early in the disease:
In the midst of disease decreases the secretion of tear fluid, so there are new symptoms:
Due to the discomfort the child constantly rubs his eyes.This can cause complications in a joined secondary infection:
Allergic conjunctivitis is often associated with allergic rhinitis (runny nose), so there may be additional symptoms:
Depending on the form of allergic conjunctivitis to the main symptoms of the disease are added to signs that are characteristic for the flow of this type.
Pollinozny conjunctivitis refers to the reactions of immediate type, that is, begins sharply, and is always combined with lesions of other organs and systems:
spring catarrh more likely to suffer boys 5-12 years.It is a chronic form of allergic conjunctivitis, exacerbations which can be expected in the sunny season.In severe disease may damage the cornea - recurrent corneal erosion (epitheliopathy), corneal ulcers and hyperkeratosis (thickening of the horny layer).
Giperpapillyarny (krupnososochkovy) conjunctivitis differs from other forms so that when viewed from the inner surface of the eyelids can identify giant papillae (1 mm).The increase in these buds - the result of direct contact with an irritant as a foreign body (joints after keratoplasty or cataract, ocular prostheses, contact lenses).In severe may develop ptosis (drooping eyelids).
in tuberculous allergic keratoconjunctivitis in the inflammatory process necessarily involves the cornea.It, like the conjunctiva appear single or multiple nodules that may completely disappear or ulcerated tissue with subsequent scarring.
for this form of the disease characterized by pronounced basic triad of symptoms - watery eyes, photophobia, and blepharospasm (twitching of muscles circular eyes).No local anesthesia the patient can not open his eyes.Over time, due to the ever hard of closed eyelids and lacrimation occur swelling and maceration (Moisture) of eyelid skin, and then the nose.Attach a secondary infection, and gradually worsening vision.
medicinal conjunctivitis can occur in acute or subacute form.Most often it is caused by prolonged use of drugs for local treatment, especially antibiotics and anesthetics.
Infectious-allergic conjunctivitis refers to the reactions of the delayed type.Most often it occurs in the chronic form.This pathogen itself, cause an allergic reaction in the conjunctiva is missing.
diagnosis of allergic conjunctivitis is carried out simultaneously by an ophthalmologist and allergist-immunologist, which should lead the treatment.It includes several stages:
Treatment of allergic conjunctivitis should be carried out in three directions at once:
In mild cases appointed only local treatment, and in severe disease requires complex therapy:
schemes treatment of various types of allergic conjunctivitis:
In any case, you can not self-medicate and self-prescribe medication to a child without a doctor's advice.
Sometimes the disease and its relapse prevention is better than cure.Therefore, parents are advised to carry out the following activities:
also useful to have on hand an antihistamine.
If your child suffers from allergic conjunctivitis, you should always be ready for sudden onset of acute illness.
As specific methods of preventing this disease does not exist, should be guided by the rules set out above.