August
12
19:53
Venereology

The most common sexually transmitted diseases

Venereal diseases known to mankind for a long time.This group of diseases include infections, predominantly sexually transmitted.Contact-household transmission is not excluded, but most physicians are inclined to believe that cases of domestic infection - is actually unproven cases of sexual transmission.In addition, it is possible intrauterine infection - way of transplacental transmission to the fetus from the sick mother.

Content

  • 1 Gonorrhea
  • 2 Chlamydia
  • 3 Syphilis
  • 4 Chancroid and donovanosis
  • 5 prevention of sexually transmitted diseases

Todaydaily number of patients with sexually transmitted diseases and their carriers is large, so the problem of sexually transmitted diseases recognized by many medical community one of the most acute.Thanks to advances in modern medicine, some diseases, sexually transmitted successfully diagnosed and completely cured (subject to timely treatment to the doctor).It should be remembered that the consequences and complications of sexually tr

ansmitted diseases are running can be very sad.

Most spread the word venereal zabolevaniya_pokrasnenie Gonorrhea among other sexually transmitted diseases is one of the highest prevalence.It is most commonly diagnosed in people aged 20-40 years, of both sexes, leading promiscuous.There is also the chance of infection from a sick child's mother during natural childbirth.

incubation period of the disease rather short, usually no more than a week.In some cases, it can last more than a month, but usually the first signs of acute gonorrhea do not make long to wait.There are also cases of asymptomatic disease, which is more characteristic for women than for men.It should be noted that the carriers of the disease even in the absence of his symptoms are infectious to their sexual partners.

If untreated, gonorrhea moves into the chronic form, which is often accompanied by various complications.In women, there are inflammatory diseases of the uterus and its appendages, men diagnosed gonorrheal prostatitis, which can lead to impotence.The consequences of gonorrhea is very sad for both women and men.Launched gonorrhea in many cases leads to incurable infertility.

Acute gonorrhea is curable with antibacterial drugs.The effectiveness of treatment is much higher with timely treatment to the doctor, in addition, early detection and treatment of the disease will help to avoid irreversible consequences and complications.

Chlamydia - one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases;most often diagnosed in people aged 20 to 40 years old of both sexes.The infection is transmitted mainly through sexual contact.The high-risk group are people who often change sexual partners, especially the neglect of barrier contraception.

In many cases Chlamydia is asymptomatic or with mild symptoms, so ill do not receive timely treatment and the disease becomes chronic.Chronic Chlamydia is very difficult to cure, and the consequences it may be irreversible.

Men chlamydial prostatitis, which can cause impotence and infertility - the most serious consequences of chlamydia.The acute form of the disease, even asymptomatic, can lead to urethritis or epididymitis.

no less dangerous disease for women: Chlamydia infection can cause inflammatory diseases of internal genital organs, such as salpingitis and endometritis.Inflammatory processes in the fallopian tubes can lead to the formation of adhesions in them and, as a result of obstruction, which increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.Often, women with chlamydia diagnosed infertility.

syphilis is pale treponema (Gram-negative spirochete).In recent years there has been a decrease in the incidence, but it still remains quite high despite the availability of modern means of barrier contraception.

at increased risk include persons promiscuous.The disease is most often diagnosed in young adults aged 20 to 29 years.The largest number of registered cases of infection in men older than 30 years and women up to 25 years.Chance of syphilis with a single unprotected sexual contact with a patient is about 30%.People suffering from syphilis (at any stage), 5 times more likely to become infected with other infections, sexually transmitted, including HIV.In addition, there is a risk of intrauterine infection (vertical transmission route), t. E. In patients with women often give birth to babies with congenital syphilis.

Syphilis is characterized by slowly progressive course, if untreated, stage of disease consistently replace each other.The later treatment is started, the harder the impact of the disease, and in the case of tertiary syphilis are often irreversible, resulting in patient disability and even death.There is damage to the nervous system up to complete paralysis, cardiovascular system, liver, musculoskeletal system, and other organs and systems.

Syphilis and pregnancy - incompatible concepts.Pregnancy in women with syphilis are often spontaneously aborted in the early stages, there may be preterm birth, stillbirth.If the child is still born alive, it is likely he will be diagnosed with congenital syphilis.Sick children may be affected by any internal organs and systems, which explains the various symptoms of the disease.

Chancroid (chancroid) - one of the classic sexually transmitted diseases, which is most common in Africa, South and Central America, but in connection with the expansion of geography of tourism in our country began to register their cases.Most often diagnosed in young adults aged 25-35 years, and men make up the majority of cases.

Chancroid has a very distinctive, pronounced clinical picture, so it is usually the doctors do not have problems with the diagnosis of the disease.With timely treatment to the doctor recovery occurs quickly enough, do not lead to any consequences.However, if left untreated, the process can spread and lead to serious complications until sepsis.

donovanosis (venereal granuloma, granuloma inguinal) is characterized by chronic, slowly progressive course that is difficult to diagnose.Its causative agent - the so-called bull Donovan.Area of ​​distribution - tropical countries (Caribbean, South India, several countries in Southern Africa and South America), some years ago, cases of infection began to be registered in European countries.

danger for the sexual partner is ill with clinical manifestations of the disease on the genitals and other parts of the body.It should be noted that the discharge ulcers in chancroid and donovanosis contains a large number of pathogens, so can autoinoculation (transfer the infection to other parts of the body with their own hands).

After recovering immune to disease is not formed, there may be cases of re-infection.

reduce the probability of infection with sexually transmitted possible.It is recommended to have a regular sexual partner, avoid casual sex, with uncertainty about the sexual partner should use barrier contraception (condoms).No other contraceptives by sexually transmitted infection does not protect.

after casual sex without using a condom can hold emergency prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, it must be done no later than 2 hours after intercourse.For drugs used for this purpose include Miramistin, chlorhexidine, Gibitan or equivalent.After that you should see a doctor (a gynecologist for women, men, urologist) for the purpose of screening for infections, sexually transmitted infections, and if necessary, the appointment of therapy.

should always remember that no barrier method or means of emergency prevention can not guarantee 100% protection from infection, sexually transmitted, but significantly reduce the risk of infection.

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