Molluscum contagiosum - a dermatological disease caused by molluscum contagiosum virus related to smallpox virus.The source of infection is only a sick man, cases of infection from animals to date not revealed.The disease can occur in people of any age, especially immunocompromised, so often infected adults with immune deficiencies (most often - HIV), and pre-school children. Content
There are several ways of transmission:
incubation period is usuallylasts at least two weeks (in some cases a few months), after which there is a characteristic rash on the skin.Items are small dense knots (1-3 mm), which do not differ from the color of healthy skin, painless.First single sprinkler elements, then they merge to form a larger lesion, which can reach 1.5 cm and spread to other areas of the skin.In the center of each node has a small indentation when pressed on him stands a thick mass, which
After infection molluscum contagiosum rash may appear anywhere on the skin, but it is never in the hands and feet.Eruptive elements in sexual transmission is usually localized to the skin of the perineum, thighs and abdomen.When a household way of infection the rash appears most often on the face, arms and torso.
In some cases, patients may be concerned about itching, scratching at his intensity only increased.
rash may disappear on their own within a few months, but with a decrease in immunity is activated the virus, and then again there are signs of the disease.
molluscum contagiosum Symptoms can be similar to symptoms of other skin diseases, and with the appearance of the rash should seek medical advice.There are several methods for treating molluscum contagiosum.
Surgical method: Remove vysypnyh elements produced special surgical instrument (curette).With the help of elements removed rash that forms the wound is cleaned and treated with an antibacterial solution (Dioksidin, chlorhexidine, etc..).
Removing vysypnyh elements may also cryodestruction, electrocautery, laser.If necessary, a local anesthesia using ointments containing anesthetics.
Another alternative medical treatment, which is considered advantageous in children, is the application of creams and ointments containing antiviral, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and other components (Acyclovir, Aldara, Retin-A et al.).Scheme of use prescribed by a doctor, usually the treatment lasts 10-14 days (or longer if necessary).
in generalized skin lesions, and additional bacterial infection antibiotic therapy is appointed.
The earlier treatment is started, the better, ie. A. Easier to remove individual sprinkler elements of small size, as long as they are located in a limited area of the skin.
during treatment should be carefully observe good personal hygiene, the patient should only use individual towels, dishes and other household items.It is also recommended to abstain from sex and close physical contact.Sexual partner sick recommended examined by a dermatologist.
main method of preventing the disease is in compliance with the rules of personal hygiene and training their children.It is necessary to take a daily shower.
should be made regularly (at least once a week), bed linen, underwear - daily.
in public areas (baths, saunas, swimming pools) it is necessary to use only personal belongings, sheets, towels, after visiting the pool be sure to wash thoroughly with soap and a washcloth.
lack of casual sex can also be considered as a measure of prevention of the disease.
sick children attending pre-school institutions collectively, during the treatment are isolated.Healthy children parents should inspect daily, with the appearance of skin rash child should see a doctor.
Immunity - an important measure of prevention.The probability of infection with molluscum contagiosum is much higher in people with weakened immune defenses.
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