Gonorrhea - is an infectious disease which, like syphilis, has been known since time immemorial.Gonococcus causes the disease, which is transmitted from person to person.And the likelihood of transmission from infected men to women is much higher than the other way around.The main route of transmission of sexual, but does not exclude consumer and vertical (mother to child) route of infection with gonorrhea.In addition to the genitourinary system, the disease can affect other organs (rectum, throat, eyes), and if it enters the bloodstream gonokokkov can develop heart disease, joints, brain, skin and other organs. Content
The incubation period of the disease shortusually lasts from 3 days to 2 weeks.In 25% of men infected with gonorrhea occurs virtually asymptomatic, so long unnoticed.
After the incubation period, the men begin to appear the first signs of gonorrhea
sometimes purulent discharge from the urethra can occur only when the pressure on the glans penis.
If the disease is left untreated, gonorrhea can spread to the epididymis (epididymitis gonoreyny) that manifests painful swelling of the testicles and scrotum.Less developed gonorrheal prostatitis and the defeat of the seminal vesicles in which a man would disturb pain in the perineum and lower abdomen, worse during erection.Over time, these diseases can lead to the development of erectile dysfunction and infertility.
In the absence of adequate treatment of acute gonorrhea becomes chronic.In remission the disease does not manifest itself, and in moments of acute symptoms of the patient concerned about the acute phase of the disease.Transition of infection in chronic form also contributes to improper use of antibiotics, so the appearance of symptoms similar to the symptoms of gonorrhea, you should not self-medicate.
for rare forms of gonorrhea are characterized by some peculiarities.The disease affects not genitourinary system and other organs, with the typical symptoms of gonorrhea are usually absent, which greatly complicates the diagnosis.
treatment of gonorrhea is impossible without the use of antibiotics.Today, there are several groups of drugs used in the treatment of this disease.Until recently, the drug of choice is penicillin antibiotics.
Over time, gonorrhea became resistant to many drugs in this group, so before treatment is highly recommended to be screened, including the analysis of the sensitivity of the causative agent to antibiotics.
To cure "fresh" gonorrhea is usually sufficient for single use of antibiotics from the group of penicillins or cephalosporins.With their insensitivity or intolerance to the drug gonokokkov may use macrolides or tetracycline antibiotics.Perhaps as the injection of the drug, as well as oral.The dosage of the drug is determined by a doctor.
For the treatment of chronic gonorrhea required coursework receiving antibiotics.Besides necessary therapy aimed at strengthening the immunity.
During treatment should refrain from any sexual contact and eliminate the use of alcohol.You also need examination and preventive treatment of all sexual partners of the patient.
To prevent gonorrhea should observe a few things:
emergency prevention is the introduction into the urethra with an antiseptic solution (miramistin, chlorhexidine) no later than 2 hours after unprotected intercourse.Excessive use of this method of preventing sexually transmitted diseases can not be as frequent use of bleach can lead to irreversible anatomical changes of the urethra (stricture, scarring, and others.).