Cirrhosis - a disease is serious, it is a consequence of two factors: alcohol abuse and chronic hepatitis.In any case, both the causes leading to changes within the body, changing its structure.To the disease did not progress, it is necessary to carry out therapeutic measures and keep a diet. Diet in cirrhosis of the liver is to be very strong, because the body can no longer cope with its functions, and he needs gentle treatment.
Doctors cirrhosis divided into two categories:
- compensated during the process.
- with decompensated.
In the first case, the body can still perform its function, which is to neutralize the ammonia, which is produced in the human body as a byproduct of the breakdown of proteins.At its core, it is the synthesis of protein, which is released urea.Therefore, when the power of cirrhosis should be based on the reception of products, whose composition includes a large number of complete proteins and amino acids.Therefore, answering the question that you can eat in compensated ci
- nonfat dairy products, and dairy;
- egg white;
- lean fish and beef;
- millet, buckwheat and oatmeal;
- soy flour.
In the second case, the liver can not neutralize the ammonia, so you need to limit the use of protein.In some cases, all of it is discarded.All the same, and relates to fats.Doctors recommend giving these patients only fats of vegetable or dairy origin.In most cases, they are given as a balanced diet, i.e., a fifty-fifty.If the patient's condition worsens, nausea and vomiting, and some of the fat you need to give up completely.
Decompensated cirrhosis - a severe complication, so patient meals based on carbohydrates.Daily intake of up to 450 Here there is sugar and sweets (up to 100g).But if the patients have the illness and obesity is added, it is necessary to refuse from carbohydrates.
What can you eat with cirrhosis
- sorts puddings;
- Black bread;
- White stale bread;
- honey and sugar;
- Fruit compotes and jellies;
What you can not eat
- Tea, coffee, cocoa;
- Sorrel in a different preparation;
- vegetables, which contain essential oils (onions, garlic, radishes, radish and so on);
- Sharp and cold dishes and drinks;
- Alcohol is strictly forbidden.
When the disease manifests many side effects, which negatively affect the human body.It affects their addition to diet in cirrhosis.For example, when ascites (fluid in the abdomen) and the mother liquor, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of water and salt.Doctors usually prescribe diuretic drugs, which are not only removed from the body fluid, but also useful potassium.Therefore, the menu in liver cirrhosis with such complications should contain a large amount of fruits and vegetables, dried prunes, raisins, dried apricots and figs.
If the patient is suffering from constipation, then its menu to include: carrots, beets raw, yogurt, milk, apricots and prunes.Conversely, if the patient suffers from diarrhea, these products from its diet must be removed.
Diet in cirrhosis seriously ill person should be gentle.Therefore, doctors and nutritionists recommend the use of the menu foods low in protein and carbohydrates, which a lot of vitamins.And, of course, need to drink plenty of fluids.Usually, such a patient is fed small meals every two to three hours.Its diet consists of juices, jellies, compotes, lemon tea, decoctions and infusions.If the condition improves, you can move on to soups, cottage cheese, milk.
all, as mentioned above, this diet for cirrhosis of the liver "diet №5».It is possible to make changes and additions according to the state of the patient body.Ideal if once a week to conduct a fasting day, which is a beneficial effect on the liver, it will discharge.