August
12
19:21
Vitamins

Vitamin Choline

Vitamin B4

Vitamin B4 or Choline is thermostable aminoalkogolem, who has been actively involved in the synthesis of lecithin, methionine, and actively stimulates the synthesis of phospholipids and, accordingly, prevents fatty liver, stimulates the accumulation of glycogen in it.

Choline has a beneficial effect on the immunological reaction of the body, the synthesis of hemoglobin and is important for the formation of acetylcholine.The material protects the cell membranes from damage, normalizes cholesterol and has a calming effect.Under the influence of choline normal fat metabolism, prevents the formation of gallstones, improves metabolism in nerve tissue, reduced total body weight.

Vitamin B4 produced by beneficial bacteria in the human intestine, and a certain amount of synthesized by the liver.

By introducing vitamin b4 in food can reduce blood pressure and improve short-term memory.

need for choline

daily requirement for vitamin B4 is 0.5 grams.At various diseases and physical activity rate can rea

ch up to 15-20 m.Doctors recommend taking vitamin B4 drugs during the hours of daily training or in athletes, with nervous exhaustion and stress, with polyneuritis and lesions of the brain.

Lack of vitamin may manifest in frequent nervous breakdowns, irritability, a feeling of weakness and fatigue.Lack of substance in children under 5 years of age or in the diet of pregnant women may adversely affect the intellectual abilities of the child.

choline functions:

  • has anti-sclerotic effect by lowering cholesterol;
  • reduces the degree of liver damage in hepatitis;
  • prevents diseases of the nervous system;
  • a part of lecithin;
  • maintain the integrity of the state of cell membranes;
  • involved in the synthesis of acetylcholine, which is important for the proper functioning of the nervous system as a whole.

Vitamin has a beneficial effect on the nervous tissue and the brain.When a person focuses on the body runs a special mechanism - a sequence of biochemical reactions that result accumulated conversion of vitamin B4 in acetylcholine, the substance of which is a conductor of nerve impulses.

Lack of vitamin B4 in the human body

Hypovitaminosis is restricting the vitamin B4 with food, folic acid deficiency and cyanocobalamin, administration of nicotinic acid.

choline deficiency results in:

  • inhibition of renal tubular apparatus;
  • delayed development and growth;
  • development of fatty liver.

Vitamin 4 is widely used in the treatment of liver diseases, blood vessels of the heart, blood vessels of the brain, hypothyroidism, diseases of the nervous system and in chronic alcoholism.

is important to know that vitamin b4 plays an important role in the sexual organs.The substance involved in the formation of the hormone in the prostate gland, which is responsible for sperm motility.

is important to avoid a situation of complete lack of choline in processed foods, as well as insufficient supply of substance.People who suffer from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, have irregularities in the absorption of nutrients, causing suffering and the synthesis of vitamin b4.At risk - older people, because they have significantly reduced the ability of assimilation of choline, as well as disrupt the synthesis of the substance intestine.

Lack of vitamin B4 is characterized by loss of coordination, weakness in legs, depression, dermatitis, pale mucous membranes.

Excess vitamin B4 in the human body

Choline in high doses has a very toxic effect on the human body, increasing intestinal motility by inhibiting the activity of the heart, reducing blood pressure and causing an increase in the secretion of the salivary glands.

Sources of Vitamin B4 Choline

contain sources of both animal and vegetable origin.Vitamin b4 lot of spinach, carrots, tomatoes, bran, cabbage, yeast, legumes, unrefined vegetable oils, cheese, cheese, fish, kidney, meat, liver, egg yolk, yarrow, plantain, dandelion, nettle, St. John's wort.

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