Ebola is considered an acute viral infection.Its distinguishing feature - a highly contagious.The illness is very hard.Accompanied by a hemorrhagic syndrome.Looming deaths.
virus got its name because of the river Ebola (Zaire), in the region of which the pathogen was first discovered.Infection "great" carry in themselves, and thus spreading rodents lovers live close to human habitation.
Within 3 ex weeks after infection the virus is released sick man.It may be dangerous to others.There are cases where the infection was repeated, and the place for the third time.Most of these cases concern the medical staff of hospitals.
infections can be transmitted by poorly sterilized medical instruments.
Symptoms of Ebola
preferred infections sneak into the human body through the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, as well as through the damaged skin covers.It introduced the virus quickly, leaving in place the penetration of any changes.
the rate of infection in the human body is very large.
population living in endemic areas have passed a thorough examination, which revealed seven percent of people with circulating antibodies in their blood pathogen.This is clear evidence that the disease suffered by a mild, can be asymptomatic and therefore not diagnosed in time.
incubation period of Ebola, Marburg fever similar to - month - half.There is evidence that in different regions of the viral nature of the lesion has a different severity, the degree of risk, as well as statistics of deaths.This is the result of antigenic and biological characteristics of pathogens.
stages of the disease with fever
The first (acute) stage of the disease, the patient feels severe headaches and muscle pain, and abdominal pain accompanied by diarrhea.Later, the patient begins to cough, there are stitching pains in the chest.On the face of signs of dehydration.A week later, the skin appears maculopapular rash.When the rash disappears, the skin peels off.
nasal bleeding, blood in vomit, women uterine bleeding present - signs of hemorrhagic syndrome.Ill with Ebola virus during pregnancy, then lose the fetus.Tests will show if the infection leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia and anemia.
Fatal most frequently observed during the second week of illness because of bleeding and shock.
Infographics by Itar-Tass:
author of the publication: Nikita Rybakov