General information about breast cancer
According to statistics, in Russia for the past 15 years, the incidence of malignant tumors of breast cancer has doubled.At the same time noted that the number of infected women in big cities than in rural areas.Tumors in breast cancer diagnosed in men.
Often men do not think of the possibility of such diseases have, so go to the doctor immediately.As a result of the advanced stage of the disease is much harder to treat.
believed that the risk of breast cancer is higher in those women in the family history of the disease in the mother, or grandmother, women with late onset of menstruation, and nulliparous women with late delivery.
Also at risk are women who refuse breastfeeding and women who suffer from diseases of the reproductive system in violation of the hormonal levels.
may affect some diseases, such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes.
Symptoms of breast cancer
main symptoms of malignant tumors in the breast are:
- Painless seal in the ma
- Violation form of breast cancer,
- change in elasticity of the breast skin,
- pain or discomfort in the breast,
- lump or nipple seal,
- discharge from the nipple,
- Increase of lymph nodes in the armpits.
Because not every company provides for an annual medical examination of workers, most of the tumor in the breast at the woman identifies herself and then refers to the oncologist.
diagnosis of breast cancer
Breast cancer is diagnosed by a special X-ray examination - mammography.If you regularly carry out a mammogram, it is possible to identify a tumor at an early stage.
Almost half of the patients come for treatment, with the last stage of the disease.Doctors explain such unfavorable statistics that the majority of women do not know how to carry out self-examination and also for fear of putting off going to the doctor when detected at the seals in the mammary gland and begin to be treated folk remedies.
All this leads to the fact that the disease is detected too late, and the effectiveness of therapy is reduced.
To confirm the diagnosis "breast cancer", the following survey
- breast ultrasound,
possible to diagnose metastases applied bone scintigraphy, ultrasound of internal organs, lung X-rays, CT scans and other tests at the discretion of the physician.Authorpublications: Leonid Guryev