Leukemia - the disease is gradually evolving, the first signs of which can be seen only through 1,5-2 months of onset.During this period it accumulated a number of pathologic, mutated cells, which allows the disease to manifest itself.
However, even in the 1.5-2 month latency period of the disease, you may notice the first changes in the behavior and the well-being of the child.Such a child starts to tire quickly, refuse food, school performance begins to decline, interest in entertainment, gaming and peers also lost.In connection with the reduction of protective immunity functions possible acceleration of colds and infectious diseases, which are mostly accompanied by fever the child.It is also possible to increase the temperature of the background of the development of leukemia.If you have any of these symptoms should see a doctor, who must appoint a blood test.Already in this period can be seen some changes in the blood, but a diagnosis on the basis of such data is still impossible.For a sick child c
later begin to appear more visible signs of the disease.Some children have leukemia manifests persistent pain in the spine or legs, appearing in one area, then another.Often, these patients, who often drop out, treat injuries and arthritis.
pale skin, bruising, enlargement of the liver, spleen and lymph nodes - all this makes the suspicion of acute leukemia the most likely.
blood test when such symptoms typical of leukemia provides a picture - hemoglobin, red blood cells, platelets decreased, ESR is sharply accelerated.While white blood cell count may be completely different - from very low to high.It depends on the number of fallen from bone marrow blast cells, while in the conventional analysis of blasts in the blood does not happen.These figures are the main feature, which allows the diagnosis of acute leukemia.
to determine various options leukemia, predict the course of disease and the appointment of adequate treatment of the disease is a mandatory procedure of bone marrow puncture.This procedure gives the most complete picture of the state of the hematopoietic system in general and of blast cells - they belong to the B-cell or T-cell lineup, and also provides additional information about the possible cytogenetic violations.Only after such research can talk about the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the disease.author of the publication: Victoria Teterina