say that sinusitis - an insidious, unpleasant disease, which means almost nothing to say.Those who has ever experienced this unpleasant sensation (clogged nasal cavity, difficulty breathing, maxillary sinuses are filled with thick purulent exudate, every movement of the head accompanied by severe pain) will never forget.In some cases, pain is just unbearable, and it is difficult to tolerate even an adult.
Sinusitis (rhinosinusitis) - purulent inflammation of the maxillary sinuses.Rhinosinusitis can be unilateral (one sinus inflammation) or bilateral (inflammation of the sinuses of the two).In course of the disease are acute and chronic sinusitis.The main causes that trigger the development of sinusitis: v.d.p. infectious diseases, pathological processes in the nasal and oral cavity and pharynx.What is the maxillary sinus?So, the maxillary sinus (maxillary sinus) - pneumatic cavities, localized in the interior of the maxillary bone.Maxillary sinus, along with other paranasal sinuses carries a huge am
etiology (cause of the)
sinusitis sinusitis is related to the etiology of infectious diseases that are caused by viruses, streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, staphylococci, mycoplasma, chlamydia, fungi.Quite often said disease develops as a result of complications of acute respiratory infections.The source of infection may be swollen tonsils or an aching tooth.An important role in the occurrence of sinusitis also have allergies.
Clinical signs of sinusitis
first signs of sinusitis are nasal congestion (unilateral or bilateral), severe pain in the face (below eyes), copious mucus from the nasal cavity.Acute sinusitis is accompanied by high fever.The main symptoms of chronic sinusitis: Thrust night cough that does not respond to conventional therapy.Bouts of coughing patient suffers as purulent exudate is drained from the affected sinus on the back of the throat.Quite often in chronic sinusitis is registered runny nose, persistent keratitis, headache, conjunctivitis, nasal congestion.Diagnosis of the disease
In order to determine the extent and nature of the disease, it is necessary to pass X-rays of the sinuses, as the diagnostic method is the most informative.It should be noted that during pregnancy you should not use it.How to diagnose sinusitis in pregnant women?The only method of diagnosis in pregnancy - treatment and diagnostic puncture sinuses.A positive aspect of this procedure in that needling is part of the healing "programs".
therapeutic manipulation in the sinus during pregnancy
sinusitis therapeutic regimen includes the whole complex to suppress the source of infection and restoration of drainage of the maxillary sinus.Sinusitis, develops on the background of pregnancy - a problem not only for mothers, but also for her baby.Rather important point in the treatment of sinusitis is a diagnosis of the disease in the early stages of its development.Early diagnosis increases the effectiveness of treatment.One of the most dangerous period for the development of the embryo - I trimester of pregnancy, because in this period there is a bookmark all vital systems and organs.
One way of treating sinusitis - puncture of paranasal sinuses.The method is as follows: the doctor, using a special sterile needle pierces the sinus, and then sucked with a syringe purulent exudate, and sinus washed with special disinfectant solution.After carrying out the above manipulation as soon as the patient feels significant relief headaches persist, easier breathing, pressure in the paranasal sinuses is reduced.
As for medication, it should be remembered that most of them are contraindicated during pregnancy, so often stops at the local procedure (puncture of paranasal sinuses).All pharmaceuticals are introduced into the sinus, should be safe for both the mother and for her remains.These drugs include Miramistin.
to open outlets sinus mucosal edema removal are effective nasal sprays, drops, exhibiting vasoconstrictor action (for example, otilin, dlyanos, nazivin, farmazolin, etc.), but these drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women.In the most extreme cases, the doctor authorizes receiving vasopressors.Pregnant mother should choose such drugs are allowed, even infants.Conduct similar manipulations must be no more than two or three times.
Good results in the treatment of sinusitis obtained using Sinupret.Presented drug thins the contents of the paranasal sinuses.Product: pills, drops.Pregnant better to use tablets as drops contain ethanol.Still quite often used in the treatment of sinusitis antibiotics.The most popular antibiotics are cephalosporins III generation, Augmentin, azithromycin.Some experts during pregnancy prescribed spiramycin (an antibiotic).
Clearly, antibiotic therapy during pregnancy, especially during the early stages of a child's development does not desired, so doctors have resorted to other methods of treatment.For example, prescribe antibiotics or other topical antiseptic agents, which are injected directly into the maxillary sinus.Besides all of the above make rinsing the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses with salt, herbal, antiseptic solutions.Topical antibiotics may also be used in the form of aerosols.Along with the antibiotics doctors prescribe antihistamines, which also reduces the swelling of the mucous membrane.
For the treatment of sinusitis sometimes prescribed washing maxillary sinuses by moving the fluid.During the data manipulation should not be inhaled as a liquid with purulent exudate gets into the respiratory tract.author of the publication: Margarita Ignatova