atopic disease - a chronic inflammatory process in human skin.
most commonly neuro-allergic nature.
disease neurodermatitis is 40% of the total number of known skin diseases of our time.
neurodermatitis most commonly affects children.The disease usually recedes and disappears forever into puberty.
first descriptions of the disease appeared in the year 891 and is explained as atopic skin disease, which occurred after the itchy places combed.
There are forms of neurodermatitis, depending on the location of the lesion
- diffuse - with the defeat of the neck, face, hands, knees, elbows.
- Limited - often can be found in small areas of the skin.
- Line - is typically located in the upper and lower extremities.
- Follicular - located on the hairy parts of the body.
- Hypertrophic - struck in the groin area.
- Psoriaziformny - found on the face and head.The entire surface is covered with small scales affected.
The main reasons for which an atopic
identify and exclude the factors that could cause disease,
Causes of neurodermatitis be:
- predisposition to allergic reactions family history
- Any disturbances in the functional activity of the central nervous system.
- Stress, depression.
- mental and physical stress.
- Diseases of the digestive system.
- Zadavnennye different foci of chronic infections.
Symptoms of neurodermatitis following
first disease neurodermatitis rash appears on the neck of the patient.Further localized rash on the face, especially around the cheeks, forehead, eyes and mouth.
Then the disease spreads to the buttocks, groin, knee and elbow bends.The skin begins to peel off and becomes red in color.And in severe cases may form small bubbles center, after skinning them - burst.
patient can comb all the affected areas, even before the formation of the entire surface of the skin, abrasions.
There are other symptoms of neurodermatitis: apathy, fatigue, lethargy, decreased blood pressure.
How to treat atopic dermatitis?
therapy of this disease must necessarily correspond to the age of the patient and to be integrated.Eliminating allergens from the ordinary life of the patient - a key point in the treatment of neurodermatitis.
Treatment of neurodermatitis includes the following health interventions:
- border load should start to deal with stress and fully relax.
- With vitamins and hardening need to boost immunity.
- shown treatment of nervous system, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and it becomes necessary readjustment of foci of chronic infections.
- becomes necessary to receive antihistamines - Phencarolum, loratadine and suprastin.Also, use of these drugs in the form of gels and ointments.
- shown some slack use of sedatives such as valerian and motherwort tincture.
- detoxification (plasmapheresis).
- encouraged applying ointments containing steroids based on, for example, apulein or hydrocortisone.
- In the most severe cases, ingestion of prescribed hormonal methods.
- Phototherapy and magnetic therapy.
- assigned to receive baths with a decoction of herbs, such as St. John's wort, and a series of oak bark.
- necessary to prescribe antibiotics when reinfection.
methods of prevention of neurodermatitis neurodermatitis
prevention is the prevention of stress, nutrition of children, the exclusion of allergens, adherence rest and activity, rational care of the skin integument, wearing only from natural materials.author of the publication: Nikita Rybakov