Climax - a special period in a woman's life.
It occurs because of hormonal changes the body, when the reproductive system starts the process of involution on the background of the common signs of aging.
Depending on the clinical symptoms, menopause is divided into three stages:
- directly menopause,
accepted that the onset of menopause coincides with the beginning of a complete cessation of menstruation, which can be diagnosed only if the woman had no menstrual bleeding for 12 months.It
date of her last menstrual period and menopause is the moment right.
This time precedes premenopausal, lasts about 5 years.
As for the third period of menopause, menopause, it begins after menopause and lasts until the end of a woman's life.
Statistically, the average age at which menopause - 50-51 years.Premenopausal symptoms, respectively, women can observe starting from 45-46 years, that is the climax takes about one third of adult life of every woman.
Symptoms of menopaus
all feel symptoms of menopause are caused by the gradual fading of the endocrine functions of the ovaries.
menstrual cycle becomes much longer than usual, and bleeding more and more rare.Some women are terminated simultaneously, without previous cycle fluctuations.
Total 30-40% of women during this period occurs without any abnormalities, alas, most women face different pathological symptoms, wearing general known as "menopausal syndrome".
symptoms of menopause
accepted that climacteric syndrome - a collection of symptoms caused by neuroendocrine and metabolic disorders during menopause.
These symptoms may occur before menopause, in premenopauznom phase.
These symptoms are divided into two groups
- violation emotionally vegetative nature (decreased performance, drowsiness, irritability, loss of libido, unexplainable mood swings and other),
- vasomotor disorders (sweating or chills, pressure jumps, attacks palpitations,hot flashes, etc.).
after menopause can be seen delayed signs of pathological climax
- defeat skin (dryness, wrinkles, deteriorating the quality of hair and nails);
- urogenital disorders (prolapse of the vaginal walls, its dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, etc.).
After another 3-5 years later appear the so-called disease caused by menopause:
- neurological pathology (impaired memory, hearing and vision);
- muscle and bone pathology (muscular dystrophy, osteoporosis);
- metabolic disease (diabetes, atherosclerosis, hypertension).
treatment of pathologies caused by menopause, is based primarily on hormonal therapy because they are caused by decreased production of hormones is the ovaries.
prescribed hormonal drugs in small doses, can optimally compensate for the lack of production of hormones in the ovaries and cause in the course of treatment side effects.
drugs and their dosages are chosen strictly individually, throughout the course of treatment is important constant medical supervision.
necessary addition to hormonal therapy is adherence to a healthy lifestyle.
balanced diet, walking on air, a little exercise (such as swimming), adherence of the day, prolonged sleep and avoiding harmful habits - all this will help to facilitate and improve the condition of women in menopause.Authorpublications: Leonid Guryev