Female body - this brilliant creation of nature.Its main functional role is procreation.Because with this month, he changed himself preparing to conceive.It occurs throughout the reproductive period: adolescence and before menopause.It is expressed in the cyclically-repeating phenomenon called menstruation.In medical language monthly represent rejection of the endometrium, accompanied by the release of blood from the vagina.This happens in accordance with the cycle that every woman is different.
know the features of their own cycle and ensure its stability is necessary.Many noticed that the first question, a gynecologist at the reception, is the question of when was the day of the last menstrual period.On the peculiarities of female menstruatsionnogo cycle and its significance discussed in this article.
Menstruatsionny cycle: what is the normal duration of
To calculate the length of the menstrual cycle easily.It is considered that it begins with the first day of menstruation and ends before the f
Menstruatsionny cycle has individual character.Different women, it ranges from 21 to 36 days, which is normal.The duration of discharge is on average from 3 to 7 days.Affect change in the cycle may be hormonal.It is observed in the beginning and at the end of the reproductive age women are taking place when the most significant adjustment of the organism.Crashes stable cycle to another period can serve as a wake-up call of a disease that must be diagnosed.Sometimes it is also the fault of the stress and climate change.In such cases it is sufficient to eliminate the negative factors to cycle again recovered.
phase of the menstrual cycle
Cyclical female body is very similar to lunar cyclicity.As well as change the view of the moon can be divided into phases, the days of the female cycle menstruatsionnogo also divided in a similar manner.Menstruatsionnogo cycle phases are:
1. Menstrual phase.
This is the period of the cycle when a woman is experiencing vaginal bleeding.As we have said, this is due to the rejection of the endometrium.This last period, an average of 5 days.
2. Follicular phase.
second day of the menstrual phase coincides with the phase of follicle maturation, in which the birth of a new egg.Follicular period lasts 14 days.
Once the follicle matures and ruptures, he unleashes ready to fertilize the egg.This process lasts for several days and is often accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen.The phase of ovulation is the most favorable time for conception.
4. luteal phase
famous PMS generating mood swings and headaches it happens in the luteal period menstruatsionnogo cycle.This is due to the secretion of two important hormones: estrogen and progesterone.They prepare the female body for the forthcoming pregnancy and strongly influence the state of mind.
days of menstruation
What happens to the female body each day of the menstrual phase.Let us consider them separately.
Home menstruatsionnogo cycle is accompanied not only bleeding, but also the poor health of women.On this day, the endometrium is actively rejected by the uterine lining, which can be seen by sgustkovym secretions.
Day 2 The second day of menstruation is characterized by the same or greater spotting.Besides pain still persist.This day begins the process of the birth of the egg follicle in the ovary.
profuse bleeding gradually fade.After removing the endometrial lining of the uterus, its upper layer is damaged.During this period, gynecologists recommend to refuse sex to avoid getting infections.
Day 4 On the fourth day of the cycle a woman observes a significant improvement in health.Yet doctors do not recommend more intensive physical activity, as it can lead to greater blood loss.
This is the last day of month, with an average duration.Now the woman begins to feel better and more energetic.Updated organism acts on the acceleration of the exchange, which also affects the improvement of health.
Anomalies in menstruatsionnom cycle and their varieties.
Unfortunately it happens sometimes that the duration menstruatsionnogo cycle is far from the norm.Such phenomena are important time to notice and time to see a doctor for advice.So, what are considered to be indicators of the cycle deviation:
- polimenoreya - a phenomenon when the cycle time reaches 21 days;
- oligomenorrhea - cycle time exceeding 35 days;
- amenorrhea - absence of menstrual periods more than six months;
- gipomenoreya - the duration of the menstrual phase than 7 days;
- menorrhagia - menstrual phase duration of 14 days;
- metrorrhagia - smearing bleeding occurring outside the menstrual phase;
- algomenorrhea - too painful periods.
What you need to know the length of your cycle menstruatsionnogo
duration menstruatsionnogo cycle is important.Know the features of the body's own need as a woman wishes to become pregnant and those who are not planning a pregnancy in the near future.The fact that there are favorable for conception menstruatsionnogo days and days of the cycle when the possibility of getting pregnant is zero.
To calculate these critical periods only.Enough to know your shortest cycle of the year and, therefore, the longest.From the first subtract 18 from the second 11. For example, if the length was 30 days, 21 short, we do the calculation as follows: 30 - 11 = 19 and 28-18 = 10.It turns out that the 10 to 19 day cycle, the probability of getting pregnant is greatest.
Know your cycle is necessary not only for planning purposes, but also to monitor their health.Regular cycles - that is the clearest indicator.Crashes menstruatsionnogo cycle can be a sign of diseases of the reproductive system and require urgent treatment to the doctor.
Thus, the knowledge of their own cycle is necessary for every woman to own and manage the changes taking place in the body.author of the publication: Anastasia Druzhinin